A study on local government’s climate change action plan in Korea (7822)
In November 2009, Korea government set the mid-term GHGs reduction goal to reduce by 30% from 2020 Business as usual in order to cooperate in international efforts for reduction of GHG emissions. The projected emissions for 2020 BAU mostly comprise of 56% industrial sector and 38% non-industrial sector such as residential, commercial, institutional, transportation and the projected reductions mostly comprise of 47% industrial sector and 38% non-industrial sector. Hence, non-industrial sector is one of the important components to achieve the reduction goal for Korea government and industrial sector is currently managed by strict law. Local governments are not only able to reduce emissions actively in non-industrial sector than the government but also play a leading role in government GHGs reduction goal. Estimation of GHG emissions and projected emissions considering local characteristics and individual conditions is a necessary first step for establishment and enforcement of climate change action plan.
We investigated the climate change action plan cases of local government in Korea and identified some important points in projected emissions and emissions reduction measures. First, most local governments set the projected emissions with all categories of GHGs inventory. In a certain local government the 2020 BAU emissions including industrial sector was projected however a few years later the emissions increased dramatically out of the BAU range due to the start-up operation of huge industrial factory. Second, non-industrial sector comprises 95% of the emissions reduction measures in all local governments; 29% for Building sector, 20% for road transportation sector, 11% for waste sector etc.
These two cases show local governments have to develop the climate action plan with non-industrial sector. For local government, we organized the non-industrial sector emissions into 6 categories named “Reduction strategy inventory”; Residential, Commercial, Institutional, Road transportation, Waste, Agriculture. Reduction strategy inventory comprises 15~20% of inventory with all categories in local governments where coal-fired plants and industrial facility located and more than 86% of inventory with all categories in common local governments. Therefore reduction strategy inventory will be needed in local governments to develop the climate change action plan.